The general description of a master’s degree is an academic degree obtained in higher postgraduate education programme. It is a specialised graduate programme focused on gaining practical knowledge in a specific area.
Students build on the skills and knowledge they have already acquired in their bachelor’s programmes. Master’s courses cover the chosen field in depth, consolidating theoretical knowledge and dealing with practice-oriented applications.
The actual naming of the degrees may vary from country to country. M.A., MA, A.M., AM, M.S., MS, MSc, M. Sc., M.Sci., M.Si., Sc.M. are all different types of Master’s degree programmes. However, they can be divided in two groups. The two most common titles of master’s degrees are the Master of Arts and Master of Science.
Not that many years ago, the education systems in different European countries varied from country to country and the term “Master’s” was not as widespread as it is nowadays. The Bologna Accord gave the term a definitive meaning across the European Union and helped to unify the different higher education systems.
Read more about the different types of Master’s degree programmes.
Find out which type of programme is best for you – have your profile evaluated by an expert here.